Monday, March 26, 2012

Alexander Hamilton vs Thomas Jefferson

If you order your custom term paper from our custom writing service you will receive a perfectly written assignment on Alexander Hamilton vs Thomas Jefferson. What we need from you is to provide us with your detailed paper instructions for our experienced writers to follow all of your specific writing requirements. Specify your order details, state the exact number of pages required and our custom writing professionals will deliver the best quality Alexander Hamilton vs Thomas Jefferson paper right on time.

Out staff of freelance writers includes over 120 experts proficient in Alexander Hamilton vs Thomas Jefferson, therefore you can rest assured that your assignment will be handled by only top rated specialists. Order your Alexander Hamilton vs Thomas Jefferson paper at affordable prices with!

In the early years of America’s birth there were many controversy’s surrounding

the establishment of an effective form of government that would protect the ideals that

were fought for during the Revolutionary War. After the brief career and imminent

Help with essay on Alexander Hamilton vs Thomas Jefferson

cheap essay writing service

failure of the Articles of Confederation a more specific and structured form of

government was created based upon a written Constitution. Although much more specific

than the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution still left a vast array of questions

unanswered. These led to conflicting opinions in government. During the Washington

administration two men with quite contrary beliefs quarreled bitterly over the

interpretation of this document; a document which they themselves had major roles in

writing. These two men, Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton led to a great debate

in the political world of the United States. This debate would eventually form the first

two political parties of America, The Federalists, backed by Alexander Hamilton and The

Republicans, who were backed by Thomas Jefferson.

Hamilton’s main basis of opinion was formed on the idea that the government

should be run by the wealthy upper class. Hamilton wanted a strong central government

that would favor prosperous merchants and large landowners. He believed that the lower

class was incapable of running a successful government because they were untrustworthy

beasts. According to Hamilton, “All communities divide themselves into the few and the

many. The first are the rich and well-born, the other the mass of the people…The people

are turbulent and changing; they seldom judge or determine right.” Hamilton believed

that the vast majority of the people were so quick to change their opinions that they

couldn’t possibly run a fair, just and effective government. Hamilton’s belief in the rule

of a wealthy upper class led him to favor a strong central government. This government

would be capable of controlling such a mob.

Jefferson’s main basis of opinion was formulated on the idea that the people

should have most political power. Jefferson wanted more power based in state and local

governments. These local governments would support the vast majority of the population

which was based in agriculture. Jefferson believed in liberty and the power of the people

to rule the government. According to Jefferson, “Those who identify themselves with the

people have confidence in them, cherish and consider them as the most honest and

safe….depository of the public interest.” Jefferson trusts the people will make just and

effective strides in government. This idea is based on the fact that since, the vast

population is the lower class they should know how to govern themselves effectively.

Jefferson’s belief in the rule of the people led him to favor state and local governments.

This would take power away form a strong central government that could take away

freedoms from the people.

Hamilton’s most successful proposal was his plans to pay the debt of the nation.

After the Revolutionary War the United States of America owed nearly 54 million dollars

to both foreigners and citizens of the U.S. The U.S owed money borrowed from foreign

countries such as France and The Netherlands for supplies during the war. In addition, the

U.S government sold bonds to citizens of the U.S that were promised to be paid with

interest. The states also formed debts while fighting in the war.

Hamilton proposed that the U.S government immediately pay off the debt due to

other nations. Hamilton believed that the United States could not be independent if they

owed money to foreign nations. Hamilton also wanted the domestic debt to be paid in full.

He believed that if the bonds be paid in full then the people of the U.S could trust the

government’s promises and would therefore, support it. Hamilton also believed the state

debt should be paid in full in order to gain complete support form all states of a strong

central government.

Due to Hamilton’s support of prosperous merchants and large landowners, he

proposed many tariffs and taxes. These tariffs would protect the prosperous merchants

form foreign competition. The taxes such as his proposal form an Excise Tax on whiskey

would support his other proposals for payment of national debt. Jefferson disagreed with

these tariffs and taxes that would give more power to the central government and give

less power to the local governments.

Jefferson argued that paying the bonds in full to the people who currently owned

them was unjust. Many poor citizens who owned these bonds often sold them for lesser

than face value to speculators looking to make more money. According to Jefferson,

“The distresses of these people often obliged them to part with these for half, the fifth and

even a tenth of their value…In the bill for funding and paying these, Hamilton made no

difference between original holders and the fraudulent purchasers of this paper.”

Jefferson feels it unfair to not relinquish the money lost by the sellers of these bonds. The

payment of these bonds would be made by the people through taxation. This would make

the poor taxpayers that sold the bills poorer and the rich speculators who bought the bills


Jefferson also disagreed with the payment of debts owed by states. He argued that

many of the southern states had already paid their debts in full. The southern states did

not want to be taxed so the government could pay the debts of other states.

However, according to Article I, Section 8, Clause 1 of the United States

Constitution, “Congress shall have Power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and

excises, to pay Debts and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the

United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United

States.” The Constitution clearly states that these taxes and excises are quite just.

According to this section of the Constitution, Congress has the delegated power to lay

these taxes and impose them evenly throughout the entire United States. These are words

that were helped to be written by Thomas Jefferson himself. How could he put up an

argument to oppose them?

The answer lies within how each person tended to interpret the Constitution.

Hamilton had a loose interpretation of the Constitution. Jefferson tended to have a strict

interpretation of the Constitution. Hamilton’s strict interpretation will tend to make him

follow it exactly. Therefore, these obvious powers vested in Congress should be put into

effect. However Jefferson’s loose interpretation of the Constitution allowed him to

overlook this clause and deem it inexistent apparently.

Another conflict had raised dealing with the establishment of a national bank,

also stirring debate about interpretations of the Constitution. Hamilton proposed that a

national bank be established as a place for federal government to deposit its taxed

receipts, loans could be made and issue paper money backed by gold. Jefferson argued

that Congress had no right to establish a national bank because it wasn’t specifically

mentioned in the Constitution. Jefferson believed giving the government power over a

national bank would give too much power to the central government. According to

Article I, Section 8, Clause 5 of the United States Constitution, “{The Congress shall

have the power to}… coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix

the standard of weights and measures.” Hamilton argued that all of the jobs mentioned in

this clause would be the explicit job of a national bank and that Congress was simply

using a means necessary to perform its functions. He argued that the powers to establish a

national bank were implied powers of the Constitution.

Despite disagreements on domestic issues Jefferson and Hamilton also disagreed

on the government’s foreign policy. At this time in history France had gone to war with

Britain and The United States was debating on whether to side with a country or declare

themselves neutral. Hamilton was a pro-Anglican and believed the U.S should support

the British. He argued that the British were their most valued trading partner and would it

would be devastating to the economy if they were to lose England in foreign trade.

Hamilton also argued that being somewhat close relatives to Britain due to, political

structure, language and culture; Britain should be supported. Hamilton supported a

Proclamation of Neutrality proposed by Congress which would declare the U.S neutral

during the war.

Jefferson was in support of the French. He argued that since France was allied

with the U.S in the Revolutionary War, then the U.S should ally with France in their war.

He believed that The United States should support former allies. Jefferson also believed

that the U.S should be able to relate with France due to their similar circumstances. They

both started revolutions in order to gain more freedoms and liberty. Jefferson disagreed

with the Proclamation of Neutrality.

The constant debate of Jefferson and Hamilton created two opposing sides

of people that formed the first political parties known as, The Federalists and the

Republicans. In today’s world the debate in the government seems to fall between two

sides, the Liberals and The Conservatives.

Today, Liberals have a loose interpretation of the Constitution. Liberals

tend to favor reform or progress; especially political reforms leaning toward democracy.

Liberals believe in a strong central government. This government should have enough

power to redistribute wealth from the wealthy to the poor, encourage employers to hire

woman and minorities and regulate product quality and working conditions.

On the contrary, Conservatives tend to have a strict interpretation of the

Constitution. They favor preserving established institutions, methods and values. The

oftentimes believe in the power of the wealthy upper class. Conservatives believe the

national government should be strong enough to provide defense and protect national

interest however, they tend to favor power more in local and state governments.

The Federalists and Republicans have much in similar with the two groups

debating opposing sides in government today. However neither group uniformly fits or

parallels the other perfectly. Liberals are similar to Jefferson’s Republicans in that they

both believe in that the government’s power should come from the vast majority of

people and that they both favor the working class. However, Liberals also relate to

Hamilton’s Federalists in that they both believe in a strong central government that holds

most of the power. Conservatives are similar to Jefferson’s Republicans in that they both

believe that power should be vested mostly in state and local governments. However,

Conservatives also have similarities to Hamilton’s Federalists in that they both believe

the power in government should be granted to the wealthy or educated people and seem

both seem to favor the upper class.

The constant debate between Jefferson and Hamilton sparked a vast interest in

government issues that would continue throughout America’s history. They created an

important precedent in the government by establishing political parties and creating a

healthy input of conflicting ideas into a government to be judged. Without Jefferson and

Hamilton’s conflicting disagreements perhaps, the Untied States wouldn’t be as healthy

and improved as it is in today’s world.

Please note that this sample paper on Alexander Hamilton vs Thomas Jefferson is for your review only. In order to eliminate any of the plagiarism issues, it is highly recommended that you do not use it for you own writing purposes. In case you experience difficulties with writing a well structured and accurately composed paper on Alexander Hamilton vs Thomas Jefferson, we are here to assist you. Your cheap custom college paper on Alexander Hamilton vs Thomas Jefferson will be written from scratch, so you do not have to worry about its originality.

Order your authentic assignment from and you will be amazed at how easy it is to complete a quality custom paper within the shortest time possible!

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.